Islam and Hadith about Covid-19
Islamic rules on epidemics to protect people from death and disease go back to the early stages of the rise of monotheism. On many occasions, the Prophet Muhammad advised his companions to appreciate their lives as the most important importance of death in his many hadiths, and urged people to stay away from the places where epidemics are found. . “Our Prophet spoke about the concept of quarantine 1,400 years ago,” said Kafir Karadas, professor of divinity at Uludag University, referring to one of the most famous hadiths. The famous Prophet said: “When you know that [the plague] is in a country, do not go there and if it occurs in a country where you are already, do not let it flee.” This saying refers exactly to the principle of modern quarantine. Caradas told TRT World that what was practiced today [regarding the coronavirus epidemic] was the same principle as the Messenger’s advice. As the Covid-19 epidemic continues to kill tens of thousands of people around the world, Prophet Muhammad’s advice on how to respond to the epidemic causes people to stay in their homes and protect themselves from the deadly virus. . The most important aspect of the epidemic is the human contact component, which must be reduced to the lowest possible level to minimize the lethal effect of the virus.
Islam and hadith advised about the pandemic in referecnce to present scenario of Covid -19.
Islam and epidemics
- “Several centuries ago, our Prophet urged his people to remove the element of communication to save lives. This shows how important Islam is to protect life and health. Just as the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, carefully observed what he advised of his epidemics as he did in other regions.” The Messenger attached importance Utmost for his health and the health of the public. When he was in Medina and was about to reach an agreement with one of the delegations, he refused to shake hands. Hussein Ary, an expert in the Religious Affairs Department of the Turkish Supreme Council, said: “The people [of the delegation] who were infected with infectious disease and shot him [where he came from].”
- During the government of Caliph Umar, who was one of the four caliphs after the Prophet according to Sunni teachings in Islam, Muslims also attempted to practice what the Messenger had urged them during the epidemic. . When an Islamic army approached a place in present-day Syria or ancient Bilad al-Sham, where there was an epidemic, in the middle of the seventh century, leaders were confused about what to do.
Ari told TRT World: “Caliph Umar urged the army chief to withdraw from the plague campaign.”
- But it does not seem that the matter was sincerely executed.
- At a later time, he personally moved to a place to meet with leaders to discuss the situation. As the dispute continued, he consulted with a wide range of advisors to reach a final decision.
Finally, he decided to stay away from the plague.
Omar said: “I came back in the morning, so I came back too,” announcing his decision to withdraw.
- Abu Ubaidah bin Jarrah, the army commander and one of Omar’s best friends, who later died of the plague, expressed his dissatisfaction with Omar’s decision, asking: “Flee from the decree from God?” So they fled from God’s command to God’s command, Omar replied with fame. Muslims pray Zuhr at noon inside the mosque after a 21-day national shutdown to curb the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19) in Srinagar on March 27, 2020. (Ismail Al-Danaki / Reuters) Despite Omar’s actions, the epidemic still kills many people .
Ari said, “The plague killed nearly 25,000 Muslims at that time.”
- In various cases, the Prophet Muhammad showed his disgust at the desire to die in all circumstances. “One of you must not want to die because of the disaster that affected you,” the Prophet Muhammad said in one of his famous hadiths, calling on Muslims to find legitimate and preventive means of survival.
- “But, if you have to do something, let him say: Oh God, keep me alive as long as life is good for me, and kill me if death is better for me,” the Prophet said in the sequel. Modern
- “Islam has priorities [over life], urging Muslims to protect five key things in their lives. They must protect life, protect information, protect faith, protect [financial] property, and finally protect offspring.”
“It is clear that a pandemic threatens personal and public health. As a result, a Muslim must strictly follow the instructions of experts in the event of a pandemic to protect his personal life and public health.”
Muslims must respect the rules of social separation after a coronavirus, based on the advice of the Prophet,
- “If a person infects the virus of another person because of our ignorance or deliberate action, it violates the legitimate right of the infected person.”
- “If the person dies from a disease related to the virus, God protects him means that the person who infected the other person has directed his death in some sense, [assuming responsibility for the death].”
Teaching of prophet Muhammad PBUH regarding health care during the spread of pandemic?
Islam has been managing epidemics for more than 1,400 years, and a sincere study of the traditions of the Holy Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace, shows that infection control is rooted in Islamic practice.
Here are five of the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad on epidemics:
1.The travel ban and quarantine
The Holy Prophet recognized and declared the importance of a travel ban and quarantine in places contaminated with the disease to limit the spread of the disease. He said: “If you hear about the plague epidemic in a country, do not enter it; and if the plague erupted somewhere while you were inside, do not leave this place.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari)
The wisdom in these teachings states that in dealing with any pandemic, it is absolutely necessary to assume the worst in order to know the opposite (and act accordingly). Therefore, the severe travel ban imposed long before the Covid-19 schedule could have reduced the spread of the virus.
2. The social dimension and isolation.
The Holy Prophet also practiced social distance. It is said that a leper man once wanted to pledge allegiance to him, an act that would compel him to touch or hold the Holy Prophet. While keeping a distance, the Holy Prophet told him that his promise had already been accepted and that he should return home. (Sunan Ibn Majah) Regarding isolation, the Holy Prophet taught that the sick should not offend society as a whole. He said: “Do not lay sick with a healthy person.” This teaching has been expanded to include animals. “Cattle should not be mixed with disease with healthy cattle.” (Sahih Bujari)
In our current circumstances, it has been difficult to impose social rupture and self-isolation on governments. In the end, they were forced to impose heavy fines, in some cases up to $ 750,000 for not isolating themselves, and even prison terms for not complying with the emergency laws. Boycott and social isolation as if it were a religious mandate. Hazrat Umrah once encouraged a leprechaun surrounded the holy Kaaba in Makkah to return home, because it would be better for her (and others). After the death of Hazrat Umar, a man told her that whoever forbade her died, so that she could surround the Kaaba as she wanted. She replied, “I will not obey him when he is alive nor can he disobey him when he dies.” In fact, it is a good example that reflects the spiritual power and influence of the Holy Prophet and his properly guided successor.
If there is one thing that people have learned in the past few weeks, it is good hand washing techniques and good hygiene practices, which is a hallmark of Islam. Any Muslim child can cite traditions that say, “Cleanliness is half of faith.”
Before each of these five prayers, a Muslim performs ablution from rituals from head to toe with clean water. The Holy Prophet also taught through his practice that the left and right hands should be used to deal with clean and unclean things, respectively, while committing to a high degree of hygiene in daily life. Additionally, during sneezing, the Holy Prophet covered his face and strangled sneezing, and effectively contained the spread of bacteria and viruses in the air. (Al-Tirmidhi Mosque) Basically, Muslims learn that physical hygiene and spiritual purity are closely related to each other. Therefore, the Noble Qur’an teaches: “Indeed, God loves those who turn to him [repent] and loves those who keep themselves clean and pure” (Surat Al-Baqarah, Chapter 2: V.223)
4.Requesting medical treatment
Islam, as the Holy Prophet taught, is a practical and progressive system based on faith. The Holy Prophet encouraged people to see a doctor and trust in the power of prayer. Once a group of Bedouins asked him if he would be considered a sin if they did not seek medical treatment. He replied: “Ask for treatment (O servants of God) because God does not create any disease but rather creates a cure for it except old age.” (Sunan Bin Majah)
The Holy Prophet explained that seeking medical help and divine intervention is the key to successful treatment. “Every disease has a cure. If a cure is applied to the disease, it is mitigated, God willing.” (Sahih Muslim)
Free medical care and financial assistance during a pandemic is essential to successfully controlling the spread of the disease. If citizens of a country know that they will be provided and cared for, they are more likely to follow penalties that could place them in other financial conditions.
The House of Money (the public treasury) was placed during the era of the Holy Prophet and was formally established during the caliphate, Hazrat Umrah. The taxes collected in this treasury were used to support the poor, the disabled, the elderly, orphans, widows and others in need. The government was also responsible for storing food in the event of a disaster or famine.
Hazrat Umrah was reported to be on his way to Syria when he met a group of Christians with leprosy. He immediately ordered that medical allowance be provided to them by the state treasury so that they could receive treatment. He also ordered Muslims to closely monitor the prisoners and provide all their medical needs as needed.